Luxor Museum of Ancient Egyptian Art

Luxor Museum of Ancient Egyptian Art is a two-story building in a picturesque area of ​​the city, on the eastern bank of the Nile. Its construction was conceived by the Ministry of Culture of Egypt in the second half of the XX century. In 1962, the Egyptian architect Mahmoud El Hakim created a plan for the museum building. In 1975, after the construction was completed, the museum was open for its visitors.

During the ongoing excavation works, carried out by various archeological missions, the collection of the museum is replenished up to the present time.

All the artifacts, exhibited in the Luxor Museum were discovered here, on the territory of Upper Egypt. The collection of the museum and high quality of its presentation allows visitor to "travel back in time" for a few thousand years ago - mostly into the the New Kingdom, the time of prosperity of Thebes as well as the whole Egypt.

In 2018, the Luxor Museum was visited by the ISIDA Project research team for studying the history of excavations in Luxor and its environs. As the result, we invite our readers to take a virtual photo-journey into the Luxor Museum and into the Ancient Egypt as well.

General view of the halls of Luxor Museum


Statue of god Amun

XIX Dynasty, Reign of Ramesses I, New Kingdom, 1347-1336 BC. The height of the statue is 1.55 m. Limestone.

Before entering the main halls of the Luxor Museum visitors are welcomed by the human-size statue, representing King Tutankhamun as Amun. It was discovered in the Karnak Temple Cachette* in 1903 at the VII Pylon during archaeological works, directed by the French archaeologist Georges Albert Legrain.

* In 1903, the French archaeologist Georges Albert Legrain made an important discovery during the archaeological works in the Karnak Temple. In the north-western part of the Temple of Amun, before its VII Pylon, he discovered an ancient cachette, containing about 800 stone and 17,000 bronze statues, as well as a great number of other egyptian artifacts. Most of them were moved to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. (Further in report, the artifacts found in this place will be accompanied by the mark "Karnak Temple Cachette").

(Click to enlarge)



XIX Dynasty, Reign of Ramses II, New Kingdom, 1279 BC. Limestone.

The statue depicts Ameneminet, a friend and companion of King Ramesses II. A сontemporary of King Ramesses II when he was Crown Prince, Ameneminet was one of his closest companions and served him in a variety of important posts when he succeeded to the kingship.

Ameneminet's official career began when he was appointed a Royal Charioteer and the king's Superintendent of Horse. He went on to become Royal Envoy to All Foreign Lands, a very high rank at the court; in this capacity he reported to the king directly on all issues affecting Egypt's relations with her neighbours, a department of state on which Ramesses placed great importance. Later still, he was Chief of Works and Commander of the Medjay Militia.

(Click on a plate to read the description of the statue)


Amenhotep I

Head of the statue of King Amenhotep I. XVIII Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1525-1505 BC. Karnak Temple Cachette. Sandstone.

Amenhotep I was the son and successor of King Ahmose, the founder of the XVIII Dynasty. The few records found about his 13-year reign testify him as a successful ruler who achieved great results in foreign policy and removed the threat of an Asiatic invasion into Egypt forever. He pursued the enemy forces far into the north, possibly also to the east, where he may even have crossed the Euphrates. Similarly in the south, according to a statement by his successor, Egyptian forces penetrated as far as the Third Cataract, to remove the threat of Nubian attack.

After his death he shared a mortuary temple, and possibly a tomb, with his mother, though the tomb's location is unknown.


Amenhotep II

Bust of King Amenhotep II. XVIII Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1427-1400 BC. Granite.

Amenhotep II succeeded his father, one of the greatest of Egyptian kings, Thutmose III. During his reign Egypt felt sufficiently confident. Towards the end of his long reign, Amenhotep II suppressed several uprisings in Nubia, which were a great internal political problem, which continued even during the reign of his successor Thutmose VI.

Amenhotep was buried in the Valley of the Kings, in the tomb KV 35.


Amenhotep III

Statue of King Amenhotep III, New Kingdom, XVIII Dynasty, 1405-1367 BC. Quartzite.

Amenhotep III succeeded the throne of his father Thutmose IV. His reign was a period of prosperity and artistic splendor of Ancient Egypt, when the state reached the heights of its international and cultural influence. The successor of the pharaoh was his son Amenhotep IV, who later changed his name to "Akhenaton".

Amenhotep III was buried in the Valley of the Kings, tomb KV 22.


Head of the statue-colossus of Amenhotep III, wearing the Red Crown of Lower Egypt.

New Kingdom. 1403-1365 BC. Height - 1.24 m, width - 0.94 m, depth - 1.1 m. Quartzite.

The artifact was discovered during the archaeological works in the Mortuary Temple of Amenhotep III in Western Thebes. The head of the statue was damaged by the fire in 1980 and was broken into pieces. It was restored by the members of the Colossi of Memnon and Amenhotep III Temple Conservation Project in cooperation with the Ministry of Antiquities of Egypt. The statue was brought to the Luxor Museum on February 20, 2016.


Head of the colossal statue of Amenhotep III. New Kingdom, 1403 - 1365 BC. Red granit.
The artifact was found in the Mortuary Temple of King Amenhotep III in Qurna in 1957, during excavations works. The height of the head together with the crown - 2.15 m.



Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton)

Amenhotep IV ruled about 1353 to 1336 BC. Until the fifth year of his reign, he was known under the name Amenhotep IV, which in translation from the ancient Egyptian means "Amon is pleased." Having throwing a challenge to the established religious tradition, the King has defined a new religion, that believed that there is only one God - the Sun God Aten. In this regard, he changed his name to Akhenaten, which means "Useful for Aten".

Head of the statue of Akhenaten, New Kingdom, XVIII Dynasty. Sandstone.

Head of the statue of Akhenaten, New Kingdom, XVIII Dynasty, 1365-1360 BC. East Karnac. Sandstone.


Bust of Akhenaten, New Kingdom, XVIII Dynasty, 1352-1336 BC. Sandstone.


Mut and Amun

Double statue of the Goddess Mut and God Amon. XIX Dynasty, 1290-1224 BC, Reign of Ramesses II. Calcite (alabaster).

The statue has inscription representing the titles of the King User-Maat-Ra, Setepen-Ra beloved of Mut, Lady of Heaven - Ramesses II (User-Maat-Ra Setepen-Ra).


The statue of God Amun and his wife, the Goddess Mut, sitting on the throne of the King Seti I.
The New Kingdom, 1224 BC. The statue was discovered during archaeological works in Karnak. The material is granite.


Headless statue of Amun-Re Kamutef, from Luxor Temple Cachette. XXV Dynasty, 689-664 B.C., Reign of Taharqa. Height of cobra 1,59 m. Grey granite.

The statue represents a cobra standing on a pedestal with a body twice coiled upright behind. The body is decorated with the emblem of the goddess Neith. The pedestal is decorated with inscriptions bearing the name of Taharqa, beloved of Amun-Re-Ka-Mutef.


Paser and Henut

Chief of archers Paser and his wife Henut. New Kingdom, 1279 - 1213 BC. Found in Sinai in Tell el-Hibua. Gray granite.

The statue was discovered during the excavations of the fortress of the New Kingdom in Tell el-Hibua, located on the north-eastern border of Egypt. (Tel-el-Hibua was one of the first border outposts along the ancient road of Horus, the route, that the pharaoh and his army traveled on their way to military campaigns in Syria and Palestine.



Statue of the Goddess Hathor. XVIII Dynasty, 1405-1367. BC, Karnak, Cachette. Diorite.

Horemheb and Atum

Horemheb - an Ancient Egyptian military leader, who later became the last King of the XVIII Dynasty. He reigned about 1319-1292 BC. He destroyed the cult of Aten, established by Akhenaten. Having no heirs, Horemheb handed over his Throne to his associate - Ramesses I.

King Horemheb kneeling before Atum. Carved in Diorite, Atum is 1,71 m high and Horemheb is 0,83 m. XVIII Dynasty, 1338 - 1308 B.C.

The statues of Horemheb and Atum fit into recesses in the base (maybe to make moving the tableau easier. Horemheb is holding two spherical vessels and is wearing the Nemes headdress, uraeus, royal beard, shendyt-kilt and sandals. The inscriptions say King Lord of the two lands (Djeser-Khepru-Re Setep-en-Re Heka-Maat). Atum is sitting on a throne wearing the double crown, long wig and a curved beard. His right hand is holding an Ankh. Each side of the throne is decorated with two Nile God which represent the unification of upper and lower Egypt, the lily on the right and the papyrus on the left.


Statue of a diminutive Horemheb standing before before Amun. XVIII Dynasty, 1338-1308 BC, Luxor Temple. Heigh - 1,52 m. Diorite.

Amun's hand is resting on Horemheb's crown. Horemheb is wearing the Nemes headdress, Uraeus on his forehead and is holding a crook against his chest - the left hand is holding a scroll.

Amun is wearing the characteristic crown with two tall feathers. The throne has a papyrus thicket surrounded by a patterned freeze. The back of the pillar is inscribed with a column of hieroglyphs flanked by two palm-leaves. The text reads "live the perfect god, images of Re, king of upper and lower Egypt, lord of the two lands, lord of action, Djeser-Khepru-Re Setep-en-Re, son of Re, of his body his beloved Horemheb-Mery-Amun given life like Re eternally".

Another diorite statue of Horemheb (partly broken). XVIII Dynasty. Diorite.



The statue of God Horus. XXV Dynasty, 751-656 BC. The Third Intermediate Period. Calcite (alabaster).


Temple of Amenhotep III, Luxor Cachette *.

* In Feb 1987, during a dig to test the ground water table in the court of Amenhotep III in the Luxor temple, part of a granite pedestal appeared.

Excavation revealed the statue of Horemheb.

Further investigation revealed a hoard of statues, one of the great discoveries in recent times.

Источник: Ancient Egypt and Archaeology Web Site

Statue of the goddess Iwnit. XXVIII Dynasty, 1405-1367 BC, Reign of Amenhotep III. Diorite.



Head of the Army General Nakhtmin. XVIII Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1336-1327 BC. Calcite (alabaster)

Nakhtmin who lived during the reign of King Ay, successor of Tutankhamun, was holding important titles such as the Prince, Royal Scribe, and General. Nakhtmin was a serving officer in the Army who was also a significant figure at the court during the reign of Tutankhamun.

This head is a part of a fragmentary monolithic pair statue of husband and wife,represents Nakhtmin, a royal scribe and army general under Tutankhamun and his successor, Ay. Along the right-hand side of his wig can be seen the remains of the ostrich-plume fan, that served as a symbol of his rank. Nakhtmin was heir apparent, and possibly the son of Ay, but was supplanted bt Horemheb, who may have had this statue destroyed.



The statue of the Military Commander Nebra, holding a standard. XIX Dynasty. Sandstone.

This statue was found at the fortress of Zawiet um el-Rakhem, built to protect the western border of Egypt from the Libyans. Nebre was the commander of this fortress under Ramses II. In one hand, he holds his staff of office, topped by the head of Sekhmet, lioness-headed goddess of war.




Statue of Nespeka-Shuty. 851-799 BC, Third Transition Period. The statue was discovered during archaeological works in Karnak. Limestone.

This exquisite block statue representing Nespeka-Shuty, a Vizier, a Judge and Priest of Amun and Maat, is decorated on three sides with worshipping scenes.


Ramesses III

Statue of Ramesses III, XIX Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1185-1153 BC, Karnac. The statue was discovered during excavations in the Temple of Mut, Eastern Thebes. Greywacke.

In this beautiful sculpture, which was most likely a cult statue, Ramses III, last great warrior king of the New Kingdom, wears a short wig surmounted by the double crown and a pleated garment fronted by large trapexoidal panel. In front of him was once a figure of the mummiform god Osiris, only traces of which remain against his torso. A prince, Pareherwenemef, who was commander of the army and the king's fan-bearer, is depicted on one side of the statue, behind the left leg of his father. One part of his sculpture was discovered in the 1930s by the Priental Ibstitute of Chicago; the rest was discovered in 2002 by an expedition from John Hopkins University. The pieces were under the floor of Temple C in the Nut Precient at Karnak, and it is hoped that more fragments will be found as excavations continue. The pieces were reassambled and restoted in 2003.


Ramesses VI

Standing statue of King Ramesses VI, presenting a statuette of Amun-Re. XX Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1150-1145 B.C. Karnak. Green schist.

The reign of Ramesses VI was uneasy. Already in the first year of his reign, Egypt experiences threats of a new Libyan war that caused various internal riots. During the reign of Ramesses VI, Egypt has completely lost its foreign possessions, except for Nubia.

When he died he was buried in KV 9 but was later moved with Ramesses V to KV 35.

Statue of Remesses VI. XX Dynasty, Karnak Cachette, grey granite.

This statue, which once stood in the temple of Amun at Karnak, shows Ramesses VI standing, grasping the hair of a Libyan prosoner (identified by his sideblock) in his left hand and an axe in his right. Between the legs of the prisoner is a lion, symbol of royal power. Ramesses is also protected by now headless figure of Horus as a falcon, which can be seen behind his crown.


Statue of a Prisoner. New Kingdom. Qasr el-Koba (Cairo). Grey granite.

A prostrate enemy is shown here, his hands tied uncomfortably behind his back in the typical posture of the subjugated prisoner. His features and hairstyle identify him as a native Syria-Palestie. The inscription bears an offering prayer, dedicated to a man named Peninhery.


Amenhotep, son of Hapu

Statue of Amenhotep, son of Hapu. XVIII Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1430-1350 BC. Grey granite.

Amenhotep, son of Hapu, is known to Egyptian history as a wise and honorable official under the King Amenhotep III, and also as a man of exceptional honesty and talent. He was awarded such honorary titles as Royal Scribe, Scribe of Recruits (a post with military responsibilities) and Overseer of All the Works of the King. Besides this he was also an Architect, responsible for the construction projects entrusted to him by Amenhotep III.

After the death of Amenhotep, the son of Hapu, was awarded exceptional honor for a non-royal person to build his own Mortuary Temple in Western Thebes.

Amenhotep was also well-known and respected as a sage, and many proverbs and sayings of wisdom were attributed to him. More than a thousand years after his death these were translated into Greek and he was worshipped as a god in Ptolemaic times. Along with Imhotep (builder of the Pyramid of Djoser), the architect Amenhotep was revered right up to Roman times, as the God of Knowledge.


Mentuhotep III

Middle Kingdom, 11th Dynasty, 2010 - 1998 B.C. Monthu Temple, Armant. Sandstone.

Statue showing the King Mentuhotep III as Osiris with a tall crown, long beard and an full-length cloak.



Headless statue of Mentuhotep in the form of a scribe. XII Dynasty, Middle Kingdom, ~ 1800-1700 BC. Gray granite.

Mentukhotep was the Vizier and Prime Minister under the reign of King Senusret I (Sesostris I). He possessed the exclusive power given to him by the King and subsequently some scientists even identified his personality with the biblical Joseph.

Steated statue of a Scribe


Steated statue of a Scribe

The cartouche on the shoulder of the statue bears the title of King Amenhotep II.

God Sebek and King Amenhotep III

The statue of God Sebek and King Amenhotep III. New Kingdom, 1390 - 1352 BC. Calcite (alabaster).

The statue was found in the the Sobek temple at Dahamsha during 1967 by workers digging of the Armant Canal in a shaft closed by the sandstone slab - the slab slid into place on two bronze wheels.

Sobek is seated in a human form with the crocodile head and his right hand holds the Ankh giving life to the youthful Amenhotep III. The King is wearing the Nemes headdress, with the uraeus and royal beard.

The statue was later usurped by Ramesses II. The back is carved with 5 vertical hieroglyphics lines showing the King Ramesses's name and titles.


Goddess Sekhmet

Sekhmet, in Egyptian mythology, is the Goddess of War and at the same time the Goddess of Healing. She is depicted as a woman with the head of a lioness, the most dangerous predator known to the Egyptians. Sekhmet protected the Pharaohs, leading them to the war. She is called "the terrible eye of Ra". Hot winds and sunrays were considered as the breath of Sekhmet. There is an ancient Egyptian belief that in the ancient times her breath formed the desert. In the explanation of ancient mythology by means of the natural elements, Sekhmet is identified with a "Sun Burst".




Senwosret I (Sesostris I)

The statue of Sesostris I in the form of Osiris from the Temple of Amon in Karnak. XII Dynasty, Middle Kingdom, 1971-1926 BC. Limestone.

Senwosret was one of Egypt's greatest kings. The speed and decisiveness which marked his accession were repeated in the frequent and far-ranging military campaigns which he undertook. He was a great builder and was responsible for one of the most beautiful of all Egypt's buildings, the so-called White Chapel at Karnak, a small chapel which served as a 'way-station' for the god and his priests as they processed round the temple. He also built what may have been the first 'new town' in history, Itj-tawy. His immense pyramid complex at El-Lisht was surrounded by the tombs, many of them of considerable splendour, of his great offic-ers of state. For centuries after his death Senwosret was worshipped as a god. His reputation grew and was conflated with that of his descendant, Senwosret III to produce the composite mythical king Sesostris, whose legend has persisted to the present day.


Seti I

Statue of Seti I. XIX Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1294-1279 BC. Calcite (alabaster).

Seti I succeeded after his father's brief reign which inaugurated the Nineteenth Dynasty. Prior to Ramesses' accession Seti had been a highranking officer in the Army; under his father, and also possibly during the latter part of the reign of King Horemheb. He was especially concerned with Egypt's foreign relations. It was Seti, more than any other, who restored Egypt's status in the world, after the uncertainties of the Amarna period and its immediate aftermath. In the early years of his reign he led a number of campaigns into the lands beyond Egypt's frontiers. He was particularly active against the Hittites, a power which was to play an important part in the foreign relations of his son, Ramesses II.

In Egypt itself Seti continued Horemheb's policy of repairing the ravages of the Amarnan period. Seti and his successors maintained the position of Thebes as the religious and secular capital of the country.

Seti's funerary temple at Abydos is one of the supreme masterpieces of New Kingdom architecture. The exceptional richness of the wall reliefs and the brilliance of colour in the interior make the temple an outstanding example of the Egyptian creative genius. Seti commissioned a list of his predecessors (the 'Abydos King-List') to be displayed in his temple at Abydos.

His tomb (KV 17) is also one of the largest and most magnificent in the Valley of the Kings with, amongst other notable features, a superb astronomical ceiling.



Statue of Thai the Scribe. The reign of Amenhotep III, New Kingdom, 1388-1353 BC. Ebony.

This elegant statue is made of ebony, an expensive wood, imported from the south. The man, depicted here, Thai, was a Royal Scribe and overseer of the stables during the reign of Amenhotep III. He is shown here in the golden collar of honour. When discovered, the statue was wrapped in linen, traces of which still remain.

Bearer of the Gold of Honour

Officer decorated with the Necklace of honour, Dynasty XVIII, New Kingdom,1440-1400 BC. Found Qau el-Kebir. Sandstone.


Thutmose III

Statue of Thutmose III. XVIII Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1479-1425 BC. Karnak, Cachette. Height - 0.90 m. Graywacke.

During the XVIII Dynasty the inheritance was carried out by the maternal line, so Thutmose III could not claim the royal throne. The legal line of throne heritage belonged to Hatshepsut - the daughter of Thutmose I and regent of Thutmose III. So,Thutmose III ascended the Throne only after her death.

Thutmose III became famous as the King-warrior, who did about 15 military campaigns to Asia. In the South of Egypt, he managed to expand the country's borders, up to the IV Cataract.

Thutmose III died at the age of 54, being the King of Egypt. He is buried in the Valley of Kings, tomb KV 43.


Statue of Thutmose III. XVIII Dynasty. Deir el-Bahari, Temple of Thuthmose III. Granodiorite.

This beautiful statue represents the great warrior king Thuthmose III, seated on a throne. The inscription gives his titulary and calls him beloved of Amun, god of Thebes and the most important state god of the New Kingdom. The statue was found in 1965 in the King's now destroyed Temple at Deir el-Bahari and left in a magazine on the West Bank. In 2003 it was given to a young Egyptian restorer, who has restored it to its original glory. It is displayed here for the first time.


Broken statue of Thutmose III. XVII Dynasty, 1490-1436 BC.

Official with elaborate wig

Limestone. 1290-1210 B.C. Thebes.

The bland expression and breadth of face and curled wig are typical of sculptures, produces under the Rammeside Kings.



Block statue of Yamunedjeh the Scribe. XVIII Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1479 - 1425 BC. Reign of Thutmose III, Found during the excavations in Qurna. Gray granite.

Yamunedjeh was a royal herald and architect under Thutmose III, and was greatly honored by that king. This statue was found near the mortuary temple of the King and was most likely set up within the sacred precinct so that Yamenedjeh could share in the offering cult. The inscription on this statue states that this man accompanied his monarch into Syria in Year 33, crossing the Euphrates "behind his Majesty in order to secure the boundaries of Egypt."



Canopic jar lid of Queen Mut-Tuya, wife of Sety I and mother of Ramesses II. Made of Calcite. from the Valley of the Queens. XIX Dynasty.


Ancestor Bust of Pa-en-djerty

This sculpture came to light during the clearing of a Theban tomb belonging to Amenmose, who was the Royal Scribe of the Altar of the Two Lands. The name of the tomb owner does not appear on this bust, which depicts his father, Pa-en-djerty.

The face of the bust has a somewhat empty expression and it bears a faint incised line between the upper eyebrow and eyelid. This is stylistically consistent with other statues from the initial two decades of Ramesses the Second's reign. The tripatite wig, which this figure wears, has the style of the Old Kingdom.
Dimensions: Height 36.5 cm. .



From the left: Sphinx making an offering. Original sculpture had human arms and a vase. Could be Tutankhamun. From Karnak. XVIII Dynasty, about 1350 BC. Calcite.

From the right: Phinx of King Tutankhamun, XVIII Dynasty, 1347-1339 B.C. Alabaster.


Sphinx. Limestone.



Mummy of Ahmose I, founder of the XVIII Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1550 - 1525 BC. .

Ahmose I was the founder of the XVIII Dynasty and, consequently, the establisher of the family, which ruled the Egypt for more than two centuries.

Having lost his father Sekhenenra II and brother Kamos during the wars with the Hyksos, Ahmose continued the war with the foreign invaders. Unfortunately, no any Royal records, relating to the first period of this war have been found yet. But one his allies, his namesake Ahmose, son of Abana, has left a detailed report about his own military career on the walls of his tomb in El-Kab, which adequately reflects the course of the above-mentioned military compains. Wishing to secure Egypt from the secondary invasion of the Hyksos, Ahmose invaded to Palestine and, after a 3-year siege, possessed the fortress of Sharuhen. After capturing the Sharuhen, Ahmose I, according to Ahmose son of Abana, undertook a military campaign to Nubia. There, he has suppressed an uprising in the south of Eileithyiaspolis, expanding the Southern Egyptian border up to the Second Cataract.

Ahmose died at the age of about 33 years and was buried in the ancient Egyptian necropolis of Dra Abu-Naga, located in the Valley of the Kings. Despite the fact that his mummy was found in 1881 in the tomb of DB-320 (TT-320), in the so-called "Great King's Cachette", containing a large number of mummified remains of the Egyptian Royal elite, its personal tomb is still not found.

Studies of the mummy of Ahmose I showed that he suffered from arthritis. This allowed Egyptologists to assume that in his military campaigns he relied more on his mental abilities than on physical strength.


The Mummy of Ramesses I. XIX Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1292 - 1290 BC..

For the 140 years, the mummy of Ramses I rested in the storerooms of the oldest Canadian Niagara Falls Museum, remaining unidentified, since the time its was purchased in the late 1800s.

In 1999, the entire collection of the museum was purchased by a private collector William Jamieson from Toronto. In the same year, Jamieson sold his Egyptian collection, including an unidentified mummy, to the Michael C. Carlos Museum (MCCM) in Atlanta, Georgia (USA). And only there, together with the specialists from the Emory University School of Medicine, the mummy was identified as the mummy of King Ramesses I, the Founder of the XIX Dynasty of Egypt.

In 2003, the Museum of Atlanta gratuitously returned the mummy of Ramses I to Egypt as a gift of goodwill and international cultural cooperation.



Wooden anthropomorphic sarcophagus.


Coffins of Imeni and Geheset

Middle Kingdom. Dra' Abu el-Naga necropolis.

The box-shaped (exterior) wooden coffin inscribed for Imeni. The unusual feature of this coffin is the remarkably well-preserved decoration of all inner walls,which are adorned with the 'Coffin Texts' and polychrome representations of the ideal burial equipment.

The second wooden coffin which was inside Imeni's coffin is decorated with bands of insciption only on the exterior. These inscriptions name not, as expected, the name and title of Imeni, but those of 'his beloved wife the lady Geheset'.

This well-preseved coffins were discovered in 2004 at the Dra Abu el-Naga necropolis in western Thebes by the German Archaeological Institute Cairo and is on display at the Luxor Museum since 2007.


Octagonal Pillar of Antef II

XI Dynasty, Middle Kingdom, First Intermediate Period. Llimestone.

Wahankh Antef II (also Inyotef II and Intef II) was the third ruler of the XX Dynasty of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period. He reigned for almost fifty years from 2112 BC to 2063 BC. His capital was located at Thebes. In his time, Egypt was split between several local dynasties. (At that time, Egypt was territorially divided among several local dynasties (nomes), each having its own capital city.)

During his reign, Antef II was able to unite all the Southern Nomes up to the First Cataract. After that, he encountered Heti III, his main rival for domination over Abydos - the ruler of the capital Hierakonpolis Magna of the XX Nome. The sacred ancient city several times changed it's rulers, but finaly, the army of Atef II won that war, during which the Tomb of Osiris fell into the hands of the Thebans. This fact has so much upset the Hierakonpolis King, that he decided to set peace agreement with Antef II, admitting that he was wrong and truthfully deserved the loss of this territory.

The territories, belonging to Anteph II were expanded up to the North until the XIII Nome. After that, friendly relations were established on the territory of Egypt, and the further reign of Antef II proceeded in a peaceful atmosphere.

Second Stela of Kamose

XVII Dynasty, Karnak. Limestone. This is one of pair of stelae set up by Kamose of the XVII Dynasty in the 3rd year of his short reign. The inscription here, which begins on the fragmentary first stela of the pair, tells of his victories over Hyksos, whom he pushed back into their Delta capital of Avaris. (He did not, however, defeat them utterly; this was left for his probable brother, Ahmose, to do t wenty years later).


Thutmose III

Limestone block from a temple wall at Deir El Bahari (western Thebes). Thutmose III (Men-Kheper-Ra, ruled c.1479-1425 BC) wearing the Atef crown.


God Amun - Min

Relief of God Amun - Min. New Kingdom, 1490-1436 BC. Deir el-Bahari. Limestone.

This relief shows the god Amun merged with fertiliy god Min. The relief was destroyed during the Amarna period and restored by a later king.

Painted block of Thutmosis III

Fragment of the ainted block of Thutmose III, New Kingdom 1498-1456. Limestone.

Painted block of Thutmosis III

Painted block with bas-relief from Deir el-Bahari

Stela of Amenhotep II

Stela with a bas-relief of Amenhotep II. XVIII Dynasty, Karnak. Red granite.

Amenhotep II was well known for his athletic abilities as a young man. One of his greatest athletic achievements was accomplished when he shot arrows through a copper plate while driving a chariot with the reins tied about his waist.


Akhenaten, early in his reign, constructed a number of temples at Karnak. These employed the characteristic art of his period and were also constructed with small blocks, known as "talatat". After the Amarna Period the temples were dismantled, and together with other useful building material were re-used in construction of other objects. In particular, a large number of "talatates" were used in the construction of the IX Pylon of the Temple of Amun in Karnak during the reign of Horemheb.

During the archaeological work in Karnak, thousands of fragments of these "talatat blocks" were discovered. Part of them (183 pieces) were assembled on one of the walls of the Luxor Museum in a mosaic of 18 meters length. The scenes, depicted in it demonstrate the everyday life of ordinary people.


Funerary stela of Nehemesbastet

XX Dynasty. 850 BC, King's Valley, KV 64.

The seceased lady worships the underworld deity Ra-Harakhte-Atum-Osiris.


Stela of Amarna Period


Flies of Valour of Ahhotep

Jewelry with golden flies - was a high military award during the New Kingdom. The most famous among them is the "necklace with golden flies" of the mid-XVI BC, granted to the Queen Ahhotep by her son Ahmose for her organizational merits during the war with the Hyksos.

It was found in 1859 and since then it has been kept in the Luxor Museum. The military leader Ahmose Pen-Nehebt (relative of Ahmose), wore six gold flies and three gold lions. Another Ahmose, the son of Abana, had three golden flies. Under the reign of King Thutmose III, "Golden Fly" became the Order - the highest military award of Egypt. It was available to all the military ranks, including ordinary soldiers.


Other jewelry, made of gold, bone and stone.


Other different artifacts


XIX Dynasty. 1200 BC.

Sundial perhaps used to measure the duration of work shifts for workmen. Found in workmen's hut in front of King's Valley tomb KV 29.


Colored tapestry with name of pharaoh Ramses III

XX Dynasty, 1150 BC.

Perhaps part of a shawl or piece of clothing. King's Valley tomb KV 31.


Pottery jars with inscriptions, mentioning the names and titles of royal children

XVIII Dynasty. 1370 BC.

Probably relatives of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. King's Valley, tomb KV 40.


Glass flask

XVIII Dynasty, 1370 BC, King's Valley tomb, KV 64.

Glass flask for perfume or cosmetic oil.


Linen sock

XVIII Dynasty, 1370 BC. King's Valley, tomb KV 40.

One of the earliest examples of an Ancient Egyptian sock.


Two canopic heads



Porphyry statuette of Senenmut

XVIII Dynasty, New Kingdom, 1473-1458 BC. Porphyry.

Senenmut, despite his non-royal origin, was the Royal Steward, Architect and Royal Representative during the reign of Queen Hatshepsut. As an architect, he supervised the building of the Hatshepsut obelisks in the Amon-Ra temple in Karnak and in particular has created the magnificent Mortuary Temple for the Queen in Deir el-Bahri, skillfully installing it into the steep rocky landscape of the Western Thebes.

Senenmut was awarded the unique right to build his own tomb near the Temple of Hatshepsut. This tomb is famous for its astronomical ceiling, depicted by Senenmut, which indicates the multifaceted interests and high education of the great Egyptian Architect.



From the left: fragment of a schist cubit rod (measuring stick), bearing the cartouche of Nectanebo II. Karnak.

From the right: wooden A-frame with a stone plumb bob, used to level horizon and wooden vertical level with stone weight, from the tomb of zonal surfaces.

The artifacts were found, during excavations in Kurna and Lahun.


Miniature figurines, vases, ushabti, fragments of art


Wooden models of vessels and figures of sailors

XI Dynasty, Middle Kingdom, 2160 - 1785 BC. Discovered during archaeological work in the village of Meir.


Dagger and sheath of Ahmose

XVIII Dynasty, found in Dra abu-Naga.

Along with its sheath, this ceremonial weapon was a royal gift from king Ahmose to his mother Ahhotep, in whose burial it was discovered. The blade decorated with a typically Aegean technique but Egyptian iconography, bears the titulary of the king on one side and a hunting scene on the other side.


Ceremonial axe of Ahmose

XVIII Dynasty. Gold, electrum, copper, semi-precious stones and wood.

Found in the burial of Queen Ahotep. This axe celebrates the victory of Ahmose. It bears the king's titulary, along with images of the king smiting an Asiatic ebemy and prayers for many years of rule.


Weapons of the New Kingdom



Sketches of plans

Plans of various structures, made on the fragments of white limestone.

Source: Somers Clarke, Reginald Engelbach Ancient Egyptian Masonry: The Building Craft

Plan, on limestone, of what is probably the tomb of Ramesses IX, from the Valley of the Kings at Thebes.


Plan of the building on a limestone flake from the Valley of the Kings at Thebes. New Kingdom.

Ostracon. New Kingdom.

Master's board

New Kingdom. Dra abu-Naga (TT 11-12). Wood coated with stucco. Discovered in 2004 during excavations by the Spanish mission to Dra abu-Naga, this master's board bears the plans for several pieces of royal art. On one side, atop a carefully planned grid, are the figures of two statues. On the other side, inverted as if the artist had flipped the board over, is the figure of a King in the red crown of Lower Egypt fowling in the marshes. Perhaps the plan for wall relief.


Coptic grave stone

Coptic Stele

Early Christian Stela of a stylized fish, c.6th to 7th century AD, in Limestone from Luxor.
Fish in center symbolize early Christian symbol of faith.


Early Christian Stela

Since roman times the Christians of Egypt were called Copts. Their grave-stones often carried crosses and other Christian symbols. Sandstone. VI -VII A.D. Thebes.


Coptic grave-stone

The decoration consists of architectural elements and crosses. Sandstone VI-VII A.D. Thebes. The plaque has a Greek prayer by Taimon to Jesus Christ.



Author: Michael Rice.
Who is whi in Ancient Egypt.
Year: 1999

List of artifacts from "Cachette de Karnak"


Author: Somers Clarke, Reginald Engelbach
Ancient Egyptian Masonry: The Building Craft

Year: 1930

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